Summarized excellently by the Michigan legislature, here's what happens when a legislative committee has finished studying a bill:
In the Senate, if a bill is reported, a written copy is sent to the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) who proceeds to score the bill.
Scoring is when the CBO analyzes the bill, translating it into dollars and cents, subject to certain baseline assumptions. Depending on which assumptions are fol... (more)
When an elected official agrees to support a bill prior to a final vote, she gets added on as a cosponsor, though there is no formal obligation to actually vote yes on the bill.
Why it Matters... (more)